About Philippines

Philippines_MapThe Philippines is the third largest English speaking country in the world. It has a rich history combining Asian, European, and American influences. Prior to Spanish colonization in 1521, the Filipinos had a rich culture and were trading with the Chinese and the Japanese. Spain’s colonization brought about the construction of Intramuros in 1571, a “Walled City” comprised of European buildings and churches, replicated in different parts of the archipelago. In 1898, after 350 years and 300 rebellions, the Filipinos, with leaders like Jose Rizal and Emilio Aguinaldo, succeeded in winning their independence.

In 1898, the Philippines became the first and only colony of the United States. Following the Philippine-American War, the United States brought widespread education to the islands. Filipinos fought alongside Americans during World War II, particularly at the famous battle of Bataan and Corregidor which delayed Japanese advance and saved Australia. They then waged a guerilla war against the Japanese from 1941 to 1945. The Philippines regained its independence in 1946.

jose-rizalFilipinos are a freedom-loving people, having waged two peaceful, bloodless revolutions against what were perceived as corrupt regimes. The Philippines is a vibrant democracy, as evidenced by 12 English national newspapers, 7 national television stations, hundreds of cable TV stations, and 2,000 radio stations.

Filipinos are fun-loving people. Throughout the islands, there are fiestas celebrated everyday and foreign guests are always welcome to their homes.


Two official languages — Filipino and English. Filipino which is based on Tagalog, is the national language. English is also widely used and is the medium of instruction in higher education.


The currency in the Philippines is the Peso (PHP) and the Centavo. 100 centavos = P1. Coin denominations are: 5, 10, and 25 centavos, P1, P5, and P10. Bill denominations are : 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1,000 pesos.

Foreign currency may be exchanged at your hotel, and in most of the large department stores, banks and authorized money changing shops. Exchanging money anywhere else is illegal and the laws are strictly enforced.

Most large stores, restaurants, hotels and resorts accept major credit cards including American Express, Visas and MasterCard. Traveler’s checks preferably American Express are accepted at hotels and large department stores. Personal checks drawn on foreign banks are generally not accepted.


220 volts a/c is the common standard. 110 volts a/c is also used, especially in major hotels.


People in the Philippines dress for the weather. Casual attire during the day for women are light blouses and shorts. For men collared T- shirts worn over slacks. In the evening skirts are substituted for shorts and the T-shirts are tucked in.

For Formal Occasions for Men Barong Tagalog is the national formal wear in the country which is available at nearest department store. It is an embroidered shirt that is considered a formal dress. It will cost more or less PHP 1, 000.00 depending on the fiber used and the embroidery.

Business Hours

Most businesses are open from 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM weekdays and 8:00 AM till noon Saturdays. Banks are open from 9:00 AM till 3:00 PM Mondays through Fridays. When banking in the Philippines, it is advisable to have your passport with you for identification.

NOTE: The Standard lunch hour is noon to 1:00 PM. Most businesses and government offices are closed.

Time Difference

Local time is GMT plus 8 hours.

Airport Tax

Passenger Terminal Fee is levied on all passengers embarking for:

  • International travel (including Security Fee): PHP 550
  • Domestic travel: PHP 200

Place of payment: Airport of departure.


  • Children under 2 years of age.
  • Transit passengers remaining in the transit area and not leaving the airport.
  • Crew members.


Tipping is expected for most services. The standard practice is 10% of the total bill. Tipping is optional on bills that already include a 10% service charge.

Source: www.tourism.gov.ph


Cebu Province has a total population of more than 3 million. Cebuano is the native tongue. While Filipino is commonly understood and spoken, the English language is widely used in business transactions and educations.


Cebu is best from December to May when the weather turns dry. it is coolest from December to February, hottest from March to May. Temperature can rise as high as 37°C in the summer. The rainy seasons begin in July bringing torrential downpours that would sometimes inhibit movements.

Public Transport

Getting around Cebu, one may take a colorful jeepney or a bus at a minimal fare. Tricycles (motorcycles with sidecars) are popular in outlaying areas and in the suburbs, quiet notably within Mactan Island. Taxicabs are widely available.

Flight Routes to/from Cebu

Philippine Airlines

Philippine Airline image

Philippine Airlines (PAL), the national flag carrier and considered Asia’s First Airline,Philippine Airlines remains the country’s biggest airline company. It has the largest number of international flights to the Philippines as well as domestic flights. PAL links Manila to 14 cities in 8 countries, and flies regularly to 41 domestic destinations outside Manila.

  • Flight from Seoul, Korea to Cebu, Philippines
    Wednesday-Thursday-Saturday-Sunday PR 488 Departure 15:20 Arrival 20:45
  • Flight from Cebu, Philippines to Seoul, Korea
    Wednesday-Thursday-Saturday-Sunday PR 488 Departure 15:20 Arrival 20:45
  • Flight from Busan, Korea to Manila, Philippines
    Wednesday-Thursday-Saturday-Sunday PR 417 Departure 21:05 Arrival 23:50
  • Flight from Manila, Philippines to Busan, Korea
    Wednesday-Thursday-Saturday-Sunday PR 416 Departure 15:25 Arrival 20:05

Cebu Pacific

Cebu Pacific image

Cebu Pacific Air (5J), Cebu Pacificthe low fare leader in the Philippines, is the country’s leading domestic airline with the lowest year-round fares, most number of destinations, most number of routes, most number of flights, most number of passengers flown in its domestic network and newest fleet of brand new Airbus A320s, Airbus A319s and ATR 72-100s. It links Manila to 21 domestic destinations and the Philippines to 12 international destinations with its direct flights. It also makes its international and domestic destinations virtually accessible to each other through its extensive connecting flight network. The airline currently operates hubs in Manila, Cebu, Davao and soon, in Clark.

  • Flight from Incheon, Korea to Cebu, Philippines
    Daily 5J-129 Departure 22:05 Arrival 01:35
  • Flight from Cebu, Philippines to Incheon, Korea
    Daily 5J-128 Departure 15:45 Arrival 21:05
  • Flight from Pusan, Korea to Cebu, Philippines
    Thursday, Sunday 5J-179 Departure 20:45 Arrival 23:59
    Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday, Sunday 5J-179 Departure 21:05 Arrival 00:20
  • Flight from Cebu, Philippines to Pusan, Korea
    Tuesday-Thursday-Saturday-Sunday 5J-179 Departure 14:45 Arrival 20:00